Types – Preface

            The Old Testament is full of types of Christ. One can distinguish three kinds of types. These are as follows:

(1) Sacrificial Types. For examples the Passover Lamb stands out and also the sacrifices offered on the Day of Atonement (1 Corinthians 5:7; Hebrews 10:10). However, all the sacrifices offered on an altar have that character.

(2) Emblematical Types. These are physical things. The serpent lifted up and the mercy seat have this character (John 3:14/15; Romans 3:25). There are others which I leave the reader to search for.

(3) Personal Types. No person in the Old Testament was without sin (Ecclesiastes 7:20) so persons cannot be considered as types of Christ in every respect, but only in certain respects.

            The following pages consider the Emblematical Types and the Personal Types. The list is by no means exhaustive and there are no doubt others that can be found. For example, one could say: “What about Joshua?” His name is the Old Testament equivalent of Jesus, so this could be said to point to him as a type of Christ.

            In addition, types of certain other persons are considered and also types of the Holy Spirit. However, so far as I know there are no types of God Himself. This is no doubt because types are of persons that dwelt on the earth in New Testament times such as Christ and the Holy Spirit. God Himself was always present, though invisible (John 1:18).

            No attempt has been made to distinguish types from shadows or figures, though all these words are used in the Scriptures (e. g. 1 Corinthians 10:6; Hebrews 10:1 & 9:24).



April 2013